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Data integrity is a critical aspect to the design, implementation, and usage of all systems able to store, process or retrieve data. It also assures the maintenance, accuracy, and consistency of data over its entire life cycle.

To protect data integrity, it is always advisable to back up data, manage data access, enable logging, verify, and validate data.

Data can refer to the following:

  • Information gathered for referrals or analysis
  • Information that informs thinking and decision-making processes

Maintaining or keeping data consistent is a matter of protecting it (security) so that it is reliable.

Data integrity can also be compromised by environmental hazards such as heat, dust, or electrical problems therefore measures need to be taken to ensure that the physical environment of network terminals and servers are not threatened.

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